CHATELIN FOR POCKET WATCHES. HISTORY OF THE APPEARANCE
The beautiful French word Chatlin at the end of the seventeenth century was called a special, metal chain. One end of which was fixed on the clothes of gentlemen and the other was adapted to connect a variety of stationery items and a bunch of keys.
At first, Chatlin was made from simple alloys and metals. And it was a clip on which the keys to the house were attached. Since at that time most wealthy people didn’t have apartments, but their own houses with many rooms that were locked, the bunch turned out quite weighty and did not fit in your pocket. In order to find a suitable key, I had to remove all or part of the bunch, which was rather inconvenient.
Subsequently, the clip appeared tail, in the form of a metal chain, which was attached to the base of the clip. Subsequently, leather purses and small stationery were attached to such chains. Due to the absence at the time of such an invention as a zipper. shatlen quickly became fashionable, as he helped to keep the contents of his pockets from the attacks of thieves.
At the beginning of the eighteenth century, the Chateletan gained even greater polarity among aristocratic society. The rapid growth in popularity was helped by the spread of fashion for wearing mechanical watches. Mechanical, pocket watches were attached to the chain like a shuttle.
Such a watch was not light in weight and greatly pulled pockets. To reduce the load on the clothes of a jacket or vest, their owners began to use shuttle. Since mechanical watches at that time were more jewelry value than practical. And they were made from expensive metals such as gold and silver. . Chatelet soon began to acquire the same features of jewelry and turned into a direct continuation of a variety of jewelry, including expensive mechanical watches.
Chateletin was made to wear so that part of the chain dangled and was visible to others, and its brilliance significantly emphasized the noble status of its owner. In the future, the Chatelins began to spread everywhere. Not only stationery was attached to them, but also small mirrors, numerous manicure accessories, as well as full-fledged wardrobe items. One of the common items is leather gloves.
Châteletins very often attached not only to the product itself, but also to the case in which the product was stored. Such cases were intended for various sewing accessories. At a time when most wealthy aristocrats became industrialists. And there was a rapid development of the metallurgical sector of the economy, various sewing accessories acquired the features of jewelry. Simple sets for sewing, and different varieties of travel cases. So travel bags, a pair stood like a good precious ring. Cases were made of leather, inside trimmed with red velvet. It contained gold scissors, silver thimbles, crochet hooks which were made of noble metals of silver and gold. At that time, it was customary to store items in amazingly beautiful cases, which certainly had their own shuttle.
Among the ladies, the châteaulaine began to acquire its polarity thanks not only to sewing, but also to perfumes. Bottles with fragrant perfumes were decorated with chains. Part of the chain was attached to the cap, which protected the perfume from escaping. Which was quite convenient, especially for small bottles, because of their miniature cap, cap. The lid always remained on chains and was not lost. Sometimes the shuttle was used as a fastener for outerwear, and replaced a brooch or cufflinks. The chain was located in the upper part of the clothes on the base of the neck and fastened the two sides of the cape or cloak together.
A variety of pendants became the most common item after hours for which the shuttle was used. Usually such pendants were small opening medallions where on both sides they were located within the framework of a photograph of loved ones. At that time, it was customary to show such pendants. And better than shuttle for storing such valuable things and the possibility of their quick demonstration to others, nothing suited.
Chatelans made various sizes and for different objects. There were both single shuttle and branched. Branched options were a few chains converging in the center where the jewelry element was located, from metal as a chain, but inlaid with precious stones. Decorated with ornament, engraved in the form of the initials of its owner or family coat of arms.
At the very top was a fastener like a metal clothespin or hook that clung to a belt. There were also options with a pressed gear head. Which was securely attached to the lapel of the jacket, or ladies’ belts.