Types of antique cabinets
In the world there are a huge number of antique antique cabinets of various origin, age and condition. This type of furniture, both earlier and in our time, is quite popular. Therefore, many, when creating an interior space, are faced with the question of choosing an old cabinet. In order to have some idea of the old European cabinets, the following article provides several types of such furniture:
1. Cabinet on the underframe – England, Holland (marquetry)
The cabinet with drawers for valuables was popular in England and Holland between 1680-1720. A magnificent type of cabinet, most often covered with flower marquetry, inspired by Dutch still lifes. For more modest products, the thread on the underframe is less magnificent. The spirals of all four legs of the sample indicated below are directed in one direction – this is a distinctive feature of the early origin of the cabinets; in later cabinets of this type, the direction of the spiral of the legs alternates. The underframes of such cabinets are usually fragile, which is their “weak point”, so they are often made lower – for greater stability. With a high underframe, the top of the cabinet does not veneer. The lower stands were veneered later.
2. Cabinet on a table with varnished decor
Since the beginning of the XVIII century, this type of cabinet imitated fashionable lacquered cabinets of Chinese work, which appeared on the European market in the late XVII – early XVIII centuries. European varnished options are usually in blue, black, dark green or purple colors. Gilded underframe with rocaille carvings on the king, legs cabriole and heels, cushions, of course, the English work of the early XIX century. When buying an office with a varnished decor, it is worth checking whether the decor has been restored and whether it is too shabby, or whether it is exuded by a bug, since all this determines the quality and value of the item.
3. Corner cabinet (cabinet)
A highly functional triangular cabinet appeared around 1750. Ornamental dangling door lines are an innovation, 13 octagonal glasses were usually used. A sign of special craftsmanship is a typeset border, which also indicates the time of production – the end of the 18th century. Early specimens are more sparingly decorated. Such cabinets were made of different types of wood. The most luxurious, usually made of mahogany and intended for the front living room, they displayed especially valuable objects and books.
The wardrobe is a type of cabinet that appeared at the very beginning of the 19th century. Keychains are usually equipped with a shelf on the brackets on top and closed shelves or drawers on the bottom. Keychains are often used as suppliers. Main materials: rosewood and mahogany. The door panels were made either of silver-plated glass or of woven silk, which quickly wore out. Some doors are closed with a bronze grille. Chiffoniers of the Regency era have rectangular doors, Victorian ones have arched doors. Victorian chiffoniers were, as a rule, not the most skillful work – they were often remade, imitating the style of regency.
Kredenza – this is a massive cabinet with open shelves in the side sections, or console table, was very popular in the second half of the XIX century. Named so in memory of the early Italian rebel. Often have a flat front part and rounded side ones; products with a convex front section are very much appreciated. The characteristic features of more expensive products are veneering of a beautiful texture and painted porcelain plaques. Veneering: often traces of restoration are hidden under a painting imitating wood.
6. Cabinet console
Cabinets of this type, painted in ebony, reflect the influence of Japanese art in England in 1860-1880. The low-key decor effect is based on the contrast of decorative wood with Japanese-style gold-plated panels. When examining such an item, you need to pay attention to the places where the paint has worn off, exposing pale wood. Some products were branded with the factory. The presence of such a mark is of great importance in the evaluation of the subject. Extremely original cabinets of this type were designed by Edward William Godwin.
7. Cabinet Underframe – Italy
At the end of the XIX century. in northern Italy magnificent offices were made on the stands. They resemble Italian and Spanish cabinets of the Baroque era with exquisite veneering of ebony wood from 1590-1640. Excellent ivory inlay (purely Italian specificity) and luxurious carved decor suggest that the cabinet was made for an international exhibition. An important feature testifying to the southern European origin is the interior decoration of the boxes.